UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 52051 - 52075 of 52139 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Canada

    Canada
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ensure that all forces, including any affiliated militia forces, immediately cease all violations and abuses of international humanitarian and human rights law, in particular against women and girls and including violations perpetrated by state security institutions, and end impunity by bringing the perpetrators to justice
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 112) The Government also issued a standing order to the military personnel that rape and other forms of sexual violence are serious national and international crimes and whoever commits rape or caused sexual violence will be investigated and prosecuted.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "According to AI, sexual and gender-based violence was widespread in the context of the conflict. There were cases of sexual slavery and gang-rape, including of girls as young as eight years old. There had also been cases of men and boys being castrated.

    WLPoC stated that women and girls living in Unity State were at heightened risk of experiencing rape, and other forms of sexual violence. Rape and sexual violence not related to the conflict were likely to be more prominent than conflict-related sexual violence, however, it had been less documented. [Paras 32-33]"
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    Since the start of the fighting in Juba on 8 July 2016, UNMISS had received disturbing reports of widespread sexual violence, including rape and gang rape of women and young girls by soldiers in uniform and also by unidentified armed groups of men in plain clothes. The High Commissioner stated those affected the most were displaced Nuer women and girls and those responsible seemed to have been mostly from the SPLA. [Para 37]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Gender perspective in policies, programmes
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The adoption of the National Gender Policy; Public Service Gender Mainstreaming and Sensitization Manual; National Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Prevention, protection and Response to Gender Based Violence; National Action Plan for implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution No. 1325 (2015–2020) and Policy on Children without Parental Care, are prove of the Government efforts to eradicate harmful customs and traditions which places women at lower scale level of the society. The Government has established fourteen (14) Special Protection Units (SPU) at various police stations in Juba and other major cities to enable women, girls and children, report cases of gender based violence (GBV). In addition, the Government with international partners, established women Friendly Spaces in the country so that women and girls are encouraged to discuss issues related to their welfare and training on necessary social skills. The Government, with support from some financial international partners, advanced financial grants to women with aim of carrying out group-businesses. Before the 16 December 2013 conflict, the Government made plans for establishment of women’s bank and women’s empowerment trust fund with view of eliminating women inability to access capital credits and other financial services. [Para 57]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The Commission [on Human Rights in South Sudan] recommended that the Government: establish an interim reparations programme to address the immediate needs of victims, including through medical and psychosocial support, focusing on conflict-related sexual violence; promote accountability for conflict-related sexual violence; establish a committee to address accountability for conflict-related sexual violence; ... [Para 62]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS6 recommended strengthening mechanisms to ensure access to education for all children, especially girls and those from the rural and remote areas, and ensuring the quality of education in these areas through increased budget allocation. [Para 48]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    France

    France
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    11th session, May 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adhere to the CRC and its two OPs...
    Implementation
    National Report: Para 10) Also the Government has enacted the Child law and adhered to the CRC and its two Optional Protocols … Para 16) The Government has acceded and ratified various regional and international conventions with aim of promoting and protecting human rights of its citizens. The Conventions ratified and acceded to by the Government are: … CRC and its Optional Protocols …
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Belgium

    Belgium
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt a comprehensive law addressing all forms of violence against women and girls
    Implementation
    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 50) … An Anti-Gender Based Violence Bill was awaiting endorsement by the Council of Ministers, while a National Action Plan 2015-2025 on UN Security Council Resolution 1325 was under review.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Guatemala

    Guatemala
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Promptly ratify the OP-CRC-SC
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Guatemala

    Guatemala
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Promptly ratify the ICCPR
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 15) On ratification of the international and regional instruments, the Government has since the last UPR review, submitted to the National Legislative Assembly, for accession, the ICCPR,
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Repeal penal code provisions that criminalize sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex
    Explanation
    Noted. The recommendation is in conflict with South Sudan customs and beliefs as such cannot be supported.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    France

    France
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Finalize the ratification process of the ICCPR and transpose into domestic law the provisions of the international ratified conventions
    Explanation
    TGoNU accepts the recommendations without reservations but is requesting the members of the Human Rights Council in particular and the international community to provide TGoNU with the necessary technical and resources support so that these recommendations are fully implemented within the cycle period before the next review.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 15) On ratification of the international and regional instruments, the Government has since the last UPR review, submitted to the National Legislative Assembly, for accession, the ICCPR,
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    According to the country team, stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV and key population groups at higher risk of HIV infection, that is, female sex workers and men who have sex with men, remained an impediment to access to and utilization of HIV services by those persons. [Para 22]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The Constitution provides that women will be accorded full and equal dignity of the person with men; have the right to equal pay for equal work; participate equally with men in public life and promote women participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs by at least 25% as an affirmative action to redress imbalances created by history, customs and traditions. The Government established Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare with mission of promoting and protecting human rights of vulnerable groups, women and children, elderly and persons with special needs. The Ministry, in collaboration with state Ministries of Social Development and civil society, work together to ensure appropriate measures for elimination or mitigation of injustices and equitable distribution of resources. The National Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare also prepared a Gender Policy Framework that lays out programmes for the whole country. Under the policy, principle of gender mainstreaming is given prominent focus in which government and private sector institutions are to work towards elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and vulnerable groups. [Para 51]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Austria

    Austria
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    11th session, May 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify, without limiting reservations, the CEDAW and its OP.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 8) Also the Government has ratified without reservations the CEDAW and its OP …
    Para 16) The Government has acceded and ratified various regional and international conventions with aim of promoting and protecting human rights of its citizens. The Conventions ratified and acceded to by the Government are: … CEDAW"
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS4 recommended introducing legislation to prohibit child marriage and setting the marriageable age at 18 years; ensuring that child protection survivors receive rehabilitation; continued awareness-building; enforcing the penal law and penalties against child marriage offenders; and abolishing harmful traditional practices that contradict international treaties to which South Sudan was a party. [Para 59]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    UNESCO recommended that South Sudan ... amend its legislation to explicitly set a minimum age of marriage at 18. The United Nations country team recommended that South Sudan ensure quality, inclusive and equitable education, particularly for girls and children in pastoralist communities, and also ensure adequate financing to the education sector that represented 15 to 20 per cent. [Para 59]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Republic of Korea

    Republic of Korea
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Stop sexual violence against women and investigate all the reported cases
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 32) To overcome impunity through accountability, the Government in 2019, under its obligations in Chapter II of the R-ARCSS, introduced some institutional reforms in the security sector by setting up investigation committees which resulted in the prosecution of some individuals for violation of human rights, including gender-based violence against civilians, especially women and children.
    Para 37) All stakeholders to the Judicial Reform Committee shall respect the 35% of women as mandated by the R-ARCSS in the selection of their respective representative’s representation. The Judicial Reforms Committee would be chaired and deputized by an imminent legal person, to be identified and recruited by the IGAD. As envisaged under the R-ARCSS, the Judicial Reform Committee will lay a firm foundation for peaceful and prosperous country, based on justice, respect for rule of law premised on an independent, effective and efficient judiciary. The Government and IGAD has developed and signed the Terms of Reference pursuant to Article 1.17 and 1.17.5 of the R-ARCSS.
    Para 46) To improve the existing mechanisms for reporting cases of sexual and gender-based violence against and to ensure access to justice for victims and survivors of the gender-based violence, the Government with support from the development partners, in 2019, established within the Judiciary a Juvenile and Gender Based Violence Court. The court is based in Juba in Central Equatoria State, with mobile units in Malakal in Upper Nile State, Yambio in Western Equatoria State and Torit in the Eastern Equatoria State. The Court has so far in 2020 to 2021 tried and sentenced 369 cases, out of which, 82 are cases of violence against juvenile and gender-based violence.
    Para 47) In upholding its commitment to implement the recommendation on combating impunity, the Juvenile and Gender -based Violence Court, in 2021, tried and sentenced 60 cases, out of which, 19 cases are relating to violence against women and children. It is evidenced that with the ongoing prosecutions and public awareness programme, there have been some behavourial changes in relation to SGBV issues.
    Para 48) On prevention and protection of survivors of SGBV, the Government has established 17 Special Protection Units (SPUs), six (6) in Juba police stations and One Stop Centers in Juba, Central Equatoria State, with integrated functional services, such as hospitals to provide medical, psychological and legal support, to enable GBV survivors access Justice. Standard Operating Procedures for Prevention, Protection and response to SGBV was also established in 2014 and road map developed to end child marriage in South Sudan between the year 2017–2030. These programmes have contributed positively to the protection of women.
    Para 49) On arbitrary arrest and detention, the Government in 2017 established an emergency court for organized forces to prosecuted personnel from the National Security Service, the South Sudan Peoples’ Defence Forces, South Sudan National Police Service and the National Prisons Service, for violation of human rights.
    Para 50) On implementation of National Action Plan signed by the Government and the United Nations in 2016, a Taskforce composed of membership from relevant ministries (Ministries of Health, Interior, Justice, Gender, Defence, members of Parliament, regional and international stakeholders and civil society organizations) developed an implementation plan to operationalize the signed Communiqué aiming at ending all forms of conflict related sexual violence in the country. Several training workshops were conducted with massive dissemination of information and command directives were made to all units of the organized forces regarding CRSV prevention.
    Para 51) On services to victims of SGBV, the Government with support from development partners, established 12 One Stop Centers in all ten (10) States, to provide protection, medical, psychosocial, legal services and shelters. Currently the Government has so far established two shelters (Safe Homes) for protection of survivors of SGBV and developed Standard Operating Procedures (SOP).
    Para 52) On access to justice for women, the Government with support from development partners, trained judges, prosecutors, defence lawyers, police female investigators, probation officers and social workers, to deal with SGBV issues. Currently, two social workers are assigned to assist survivors of SGBV on procedures, counselling and guidance. Legal Aid services has been provided on support by development partners and local NGOs, on recommendation by a committee. Since the last UPR review the number of Legal Aid beneficiaries have reached 181 out of which 33 are rape cases.
    Para 58) To ending impunity at the State level of the Government in 2019, a military court martial in Yei, prosecuted 36 cases of looting, murder and sexual violence, committed by military personnel against civilian. All were convicted and sentenced to various imprisonment terms and were all discharged from service.
    Para 64) Also, the Government at the State level, established a SGBV forums which include referral pathway, case management related to interventions and other survivors’ services. As of year 2020, the Government with support from development partners, established a radio talk shows and community awareness raising with aim of averting violence against women and children. The radio talk shows covered issues of gender-based violence (SGBV).
    Para 76) On public awareness efforts to end human rights violations by the army and other organized forces, the Government supported by UNMISS – Human Rights Division, trained South Sudan Peoples’ Defence Force (SSPDF), National Security Service and other organized forces, on the principles of International Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law and other domestic laws. The training also covered issues of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and child protection techniques.
    Para 84) On fighting gender-based violence situation in Central Equatoria, Western Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Upper Nile, Jonglei, Northern Behr El Ghazal, Western Behr El Ghazal, Warrap and Lakes States, the Government and development partners, in 2020 established gender desk in police stations and trained police personnel on sexual and gender-based violence, protection of children and women.
    Para 86) The Government also with support from development partners, trained seventy-five female police personnel and seventy-five male police personnel on investigation of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence cases.
    Para 112) The Government also issued a standing order to the military personnel that rape and other forms of sexual violence are serious national and international crimes and whoever commits rape or caused sexual violence will be investigated and prosecuted.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 26) The Commission [on Human Rights in South Sudan] stated that the violence across Jonglei State and the Greater Pibor Administrative Area in 2020 was the worst that had been recorded since the outbreak of the national conflict in December 2013, with waves of attacks and reprisals that had left hundreds of people dead, maimed or destitute. While men were targeted and killed during the attacks, hundreds of women and girls were abducted, forced into sexual slavery, tortured and repeatedly gang raped …
    Para 29) The Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan concluded that the attacks on civilians perpetrated by both government forces and armed opposition groups violated article 3 of the Geneva Conventions and provisions of Additional Protocol II, as well as customary international law, and constituted the war crimes of murder, pillage, unnecessary destruction of property and sexual violence.
    Para 30) Gross human rights violations and abuses amounting to serious violations of international humanitarian law were also committed in the context of localized conflicts by armed militias affiliated with the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-Army in Opposition. Violations perpetrated against civilians included abductions, forced recruitment, murder, sexual violence and ill-treatment.
    Para 39) The Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan and the United Nations country team reported that inadequate infrastructure, resources and capacity diminished State abilities to provide civilians with access to justice. Customary courts were not mandated to hear serious criminal cases and were ill-suited to providing justice to women and victims of sexual violence given gender biases and the lack of procedural safeguards. UNHCR expressed similar concerns.
    Para 46) The Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan stated that it had documented the abduction of hundreds of women and children by militias and civil defence groups during localized conflicts in Jonglei and the Greater Pibor Administrative Area between May and September 2020. The women and girls abducted had been forced into sexual slavery or forced marriage.
    Para 60) The Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan reported that sexual violence, including rape, gang rape, abduction, sexual slavery, sexual mutilation and sexual torture had been consistent features of the conflict in South Sudan since 2013, and were being replicated in local level conflict. Armed clashes locally had resulted in mass displacement of the civilian population, in particular women and girls.
    Para 61) The Commission [on Human Rights in South Sudan] was concerned that the practice of commodifying women as the spoils of conflict had been perpetuated at the local level, as government forces and aligned militias, the forces of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-Army in Opposition and other armed groups were given the licence (as a form of “compensation”) to loot and pillage, abduct, rape and force women into sexual slavery and forced marriage. Conflict-related sexual violence in South Sudan was thus rooted in the structural violence of conflict and the local political economy.
    Para 64) UNHCR reported that impunity regarding sexual and gender-based violence coupled with limited livelihood options had had a negative impact, particularly on women and girls, some of whom had been subjected to sexual exploitation and had to engage in survival sex.
    Para 69) The United Nations verified a total of 708 violations, affecting 618 children, for the period from 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2020. 113 Recruitment and use remained the most prevalent violation, followed by killing and maiming, abduction, and rape and other forms of sexual violence.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 15) GIJC … stated that between April and May 2018, … An estimated 132 girls were abducted, while about 120 women and girls were raped. As of September 2018, the campaign of disarmament against other non-state actors such as the National Salvation Front had entailed unlawful killings and human rights violations, exacting a toll mostly on civilians, especially women, children, and older persons.
    Para 16) … Armed cattle keepers had also reportedly killed, raped, tortured, and displaced dozens of people from their farmlands as well as destroyed or looted property.
    Para 49) GICJ noted that women and girls had been raped, gang raped and faced other forms of sexual violence at the hands of both Government and opposition forces. JS8 reported that thousands of women, men and children had been victims of rape, sexual torture and other forms of sexual violence.
    Para 50) JS7 reported that progress in addressing sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) included a gender based violence court, a family protection centre, and two safe homes, as well as a helpline and 16 Special Protection Units within the police service. However, these institutions were dependent on international funding, the protection of survivors was minimal, and full operationalization of the Units was challenged by mismanagement. An Anti-Gender Based Violence Bill was awaiting endorsement by the Council of Ministers, while a National Action Plan 2015-2025 on UN Security Council Resolution 1325 was under review. Cases of SGBV were rising, and those of domestic violence reportedly spiked following COVID-19 related lockdowns. JS6 remained concerned that sexual and physical abuse against women continued to be a serious problem and limited data was available.
    Para 52) JS8 noted that survivors of conflict-related sexual violence lived mostly in rural areas with limited access to healthcare, or witness and victim protection. Survivors suffered physical and psychological impacts, stigma, and economic losses. Despite some training of SSPDF forces on prosecuting sexual violence crimes, and several related convictions, only low-ranking officers had reportedly been tried, and survivors had not received compensation.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Mexico

    Mexico
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Establish a strategy to improve the existing mechanisms for reporting cases of sexual and gender violence against women and girls and to ensure access to justice for victims
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 46) To improve the existing mechanisms for reporting cases of sexual and gender-based violence against and to ensure access to justice for victims and survivors of the gender-based violence, the Government with support from the development partners, in 2019, established within the Judiciary a Juvenile and Gender Based Violence Court. The court is based in Juba in Central Equatoria State, with mobile units in Malakal in Upper Nile State, Yambio in Western Equatoria State and Torit in the Eastern Equatoria State. The Court has so far in 2020 to 2021 tried and sentenced 369 cases, out of which, 82 are cases of violence against juvenile and gender-based violence.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 39) The Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan and the United Nations country team reported that inadequate infrastructure, resources and capacity diminished State abilities to provide civilians with access to justice. Customary courts were not mandated to hear serious criminal cases and were ill-suited to providing justice to women and victims of sexual violence given gender biases and the lack of procedural safeguards. UNHCR expressed similar concerns.

  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Egypt

    Egypt
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Complete the ratification procedures for the ICESCR
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 15) On ratification of the international and regional instruments, the Government has since the last UPR review, submitted to the National Legislative Assembly, for accession, … the ICESCR, …
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Czechia

    Czechia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Ensure accountability for cases of extrajudicial killings and ethnic rape as a weapon of war
    Explanation
    Noted. South Sudan has no plan or policy to attack, rape, arbitrarily detain or extra-judicial execute its citizens. Any attack, rape or unlawful detention or killings is an offence under South Sudan penal law. TGoNU agrees with objective of these recommendations but that does not imply acceptance by the Government of South Sudan responsibility for the attacks against civilians. Currently before the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) a chapter on international law crimes has been added to the Penal Code to deal with cases of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 46) To improve the existing mechanisms for reporting cases of sexual and gender-based violence against and to ensure access to justice for victims and survivors of the gender-based violence, the Government with support from the development partners, in 2019, established within the Judiciary a Juvenile and Gender Based Violence Court. The court is based in Juba in Central Equatoria State, with mobile units in Malakal in Upper Nile State, Yambio in Western Equatoria State and Torit in the Eastern Equatoria State. The Court has so far in 2020 to 2021 tried and sentenced 369 cases, out of which, 82 are cases of violence against juvenile and gender-based violence.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 64) UNHCR reported that impunity regarding sexual and gender-based violence coupled with limited livelihood options had had a negative impact, particularly on women and girls, some of whom had been subjected to sexual exploitation and had to engage in survival sex.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 52) JS8 noted that survivors of conflict-related sexual violence lived mostly in rural areas with limited access to healthcare, or witness and victim protection. Survivors suffered physical and psychological impacts, stigma, and economic losses. Despite some training of SSPDF forces on prosecuting sexual violence crimes, and several related convictions, only low-ranking officers had reportedly been tried, and survivors had not received compensation.


  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The UNHCR recommended the ratification of the main international and regional human rights instruments, including ICCPR, ICESCR ... [Para 1]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Also Part Two of the Constitution provides for national values and principles of good governance such as equality, non-discrimination, protection of the marginalized, social justice rule of law and 25% affirmative action for participation of women in public affairs. [Para 12]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS7 recommended that the Government ... establish safe homes and functional Special Protection Units across all the ten states and 3 Administrative areas; ... JS6 urged the Government to support the Units. [Para 51]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    40th Session, January 2022
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    UNHCR recommended that South Sudan introduce specific laws on sexual and gender-based offences to better prevent and respond to gender-based violence. [Para 64]