UPR Sexual Rights Database

Search & Filters

Select one or more parameters to begin your search. You may also search by keyword at any time.

UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

Show advanced filters
Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 51326 - 51350 of 51506 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Iran

    Iran
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take effective measures, with the assistance of all relevant international organisations, to counter food insecurity, HIV/AIDS pandemics and high morbidity and mortality rates.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 58) The Public Health Act [Chapter 15:09] provides for the protection of public health, including prevention and suppression of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases …

    Para 62) The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines. Government has removed customs duty on all imported anti-malarial medicines and commodities and permitted local pharmaceutical companies to produce anti-retroviral drugs. Government has a bilateral agreement for doctors and other health professionals with countries such as Cuba to alleviate shortage of doctors in the country.

    Para 63) Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through: making drugs available and accessible; offering patients ARVs free of charge; training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing; establishing sites offering ART services; and mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    Para 126) Despite facing economic challenges, Government remains committed to making funding mechanisms in the social services sector such as BEAM and AMTO viable. It is engaging development partners to continue supporting these mechanisms as well as others such as the Health Development Fund and the Child Protection Fund while it pursues ways of fully funding them from its own resources. For example, Government established the National AIDS Trust Fund, which is funded through the AIDS Levy, to cater for those living with HIV and AIDS (about 1.4 million people are living with HIV and AIDS, of which about 800,000 are receiving treatment). Government plans to introduce a national health insurance scheme to ensure that all persons, especially the vulnerable, can have access to proper health care.

    Midterm report
    The new Constitution makes specific provision for the right to health care. The right includes the right of every person living with a chronic illness to have access to basic healthcare services for the illness and the requirement that no person may be refused emergency medical treatment in any health-care institution.

    More health institutions have been created to ensure that the majority of the population is within a 10 kilometre radius of a health centre. This is the country’s set standard within the Primary Health Care Approach which was adopted when Zimbabwe signed the 2008 Ouagadougou Declaration on Primary Healthcare and Health Systems in Africa. Following this, priority has been placed on revitalising the health care delivery system to ensure an effective and efficient referral system and emergency services. Most primary care facilities are functional as they continue to benefit from both Government and donor resources.

    The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines.

    Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through :
    • making drugs available and accessible;
    • offering patients ARVs free of charge;
    • training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing;
    • establishment of sites offering ART services; and
    • mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 79) The country team stated that while the States signatories to the Abuja Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases had called upon countries to allocate at least 15 per cent of their gross domestic product to the health sector, Zimbabwe only allocated 9.73 per cent in 2016

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 69) JS8 stated that during the 2011 review, Zimbabwe supported recommendations related to the continuation of efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as mortality rate caused by HIV, and development of a financing mechanism to help the underprivileged. Despite support for those recommendations, children continue to experience difficulties in accessing health services.

    Para 70) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to continue efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis with the assistance of development partners. In 2012, the HIV Combination Prevention Strategy relating to prevention interventions was adopted. Anti-Retroviral Therapy services was increased with the drugs being available and accessible free of charge"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Syria

    Syria
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue to develop policies to protect women’s rights
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Timor-Leste

    Timor-Leste
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Provide adequate assistance and protection to women who were victims of violence
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Sign and ratify the two Optional Protocols to ICCPR
    Explanation
    Noted. Does not enjoy the support of Zimbabwe.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Adopt urgent measures to make progress on the elimination of all forms of discrimination, stigmatization and violence against people on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity and to promote the respect of the rights of all persons by the society
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ZHRO recommended outlawing child marriages in the Marriages Act. [Para 42]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "The Constitution prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sex, gender and marital status. It provides for the application of affirmative action to previously disadvantaged women. In addition there are several laws that have been put in place to protect the rights of women. [Para 60]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "ZHRO indicated that no effective steps have been taken to ratify the United Nations CRPD. [Para 3]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ERI stated that there was discrimination and stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS, which needed to be addressed through education and awareness-raising. It recommended that Zimbabwe support public education campaigns to eliminate stigma and discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, especially children. [Para 26]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The country team encouraged Zimbabwe to accelerate efforts to ensure the full operationalization of the Zimbabwe Gender Commission. [Para 10]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The CEDAW expressed concern at the high maternal mortality rate. It urged Zimbabwe to strengthen efforts and to raise awareness of, and increase, women’s access to health-care facilities and medical assistance by trained personnel, especially in rural and remote areas. [Para 70]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe ensure that the bill of rights in the new Constitution under development protected all generations of rights, including the rights of women, children, persons with disabilities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), asylum seekers, refugees and migrants... [Para 3]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    South Africa

    South Africa
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Accelerate efforts to ensure the full operationalization of the Zimbabwe Gender Commission
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Ireland

    Ireland
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Amend all statutory and customary laws as soon as possible to establish the minimum age of marriage at 18 years, create and implement a comprehensive national plan of action to combat the practice of child marriage and its root causes
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Guatemala

    Guatemala
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify the OP-CEDAW
    Explanation
    Noted. Does not enjoy the support of Zimbabwe.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Decriminalize consensual sexual relations between consenting same sex adults
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe enforce national policies and legislation to prevent and address the marginalization and exclusion of women ... from the economic, social and political spheres of society. [Para 15]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sexuality education
    • Contraception
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    JS6 stated that many young people did not have access to comprehensive information about sexual reproductive health issues and services, including contraception. Also, service providers denied adolescents and unmarried youth access to contraception, due to their own personal prejudices and biases about adolescent sexuality, opting instead to place emphasis on abstinence-only messages, or to demand parental consent.[Para 73]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The CEDAW urged Zimbabwe to provide mandatory training for judges and prosecutors on the strict application of legal provisions dealing with violence against women and train police officers on procedures to deal with victims of violence. [Para 43]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Angola

    Angola
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Make efforts to reach the quotas established by the Southern African Development Community with regard to the integration of women in all sectors of society.
    Implementation
    "Midterm Report:
    The new Constitution provides for a reserved quota for women in the National Assembly and proportional representation in the Senate. As a result, Zimbabwe has witnessed an increase in representation of women in Parliament as they make up 32% in the National Assembly and 48% of Senate, which constitutes a total 34% of the current Parliament. The Constitution further calls upon government to ensure full gender balance and to take measures to promote the full participation of women in all spheres on the basis of equality with men. This includes equal representation in all institutions, agencies of government, commissions and other elective bodies at all levels.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 23) The Committee commended efforts to apply temporary special measures allowing women to access loans under the small and medium-sized enterprises policy in 2010 …. "
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    While Government’s position is that children of serving mothers should not accompany their mothers to prison, there are certain situations when this is unavoidable. In the best interests of the child, Government has gazetted a dietary scale for children of serving mothers to provide better nutrition. [Para 97]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider ratifying outstanding major human rights instruments such as the CAT, the CED, the CRPD and the OPs to CEDAW, ICCPR, ICESCR and CRC.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 17) Since the previous review, Government has ratified the following human rights treaties: UNCRPD and its Protocol; Palermo Protocol …

    Para 19f) The Disabled Persons’ Act is being reviewed in order to align it with the Constitution and the UNCRPD.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 2) Zimbabwe supported a recommendation to ratify outstanding human rights instruments and has since ratified … OP-CRC-SC, CRPD and OP-CRPD. Zimbabwe was yet to ratify CAT, ICPPED, OP-CEDAW, ICCPR-OP1, ICCPR-OP2, OP-ICESCR …

    Para 81) ACTSA stated that in 2013, Zimbabwe ratified CRPD. However, the Government has failed to align domestic legislation with the international obligations arising from this Convention."
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Japan

    Japan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Sexual harassment
    • Sexual abuse
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Act swiftly to address issues of discrimination against girls in education, especially sexual abuse and harassment of girls in schools, as well as difficulties faced by children in rural areas in accessing education
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Maldives

    Maldives
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue efforts to combat diseases including malaria and HIV/AIDS by investing in pharmaceutical research and public access to treatment options
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Namibia

    Namibia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider amending the existing legislation to ensure that all children born in Zimbabwe, regardless of their parents’ origin are issued with birth certificates and to ensure the paternity rights of children born out of wedlock