UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 45976 - 46000 of 46328 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    In 2015, the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, and the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography urged the Government to show that it was serious in its efforts to tackle gender-based violence and sexual violence against women and girls by ending the impunity of the singer Clifford Dimba, who had been convicted in 2014 for the rape of a 14-year-old girl and sentenced to 18 years in prison. He had been pardoned by President Lungu after serving one year of his sentence and had subsequently been appointed as an ambassador in the fight against gender-based violence. The Special Rapporteurs called on the Government to publicly withdraw Mr. Dimba’s appointment and to ensure that there would be no further pardons for such crimes against woman and girls. [Para 58]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Norway

    Norway
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ensure thorough and impartial investigation into all allegations of attacks and threats against individuals targeted because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 26) There are no restrictions under Zambian law towards the investigation and prosecution of crimes committed against a person. All allegations of attacks and threats against individuals, irrespective of the offence are required by law to be effected without discrimination of any kind.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Togo

    Togo
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    No Response
    Contents:
    Ratify OP-CEDAW.
    Explanation
    Zambia remains committed to ratifying all human rights instruments and a process of internal consultations have already started as part of this process. Zambia is also currently in the process of carrying out a mapping exercise of all human rights treaties to which Zambia is party with a view of domesticating the same.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 107) Zambia has not ratified OP-CEDAW.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Argentina

    Argentina
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Study the possibility of strengthening measures to eliminate all discriminatory treatment based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Implementation
    UN Compilation:
    Para 15) The United Nations country team stated that the public environment relating to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons remained largely hostile, particularly in some faith-based organizations. The Penal Code criminalized men having sex with men and anal sex in general. However, the National Aids Council, which managed the funds for capacity-building for key populations groups secured from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, had an adviser on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 32) Citing cases of persons being arrested on charges related to sexual orientation or gender identify, HRW stated that those persons were subjected to forced anal examinations, which was a form of cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment that could rise to the level of torture.
    Para 33) RFSU stated that Article 155 of the Penal Code had been widely interpreted as the legal basis for criminalizing same-sex relations while the Constitution prohibited discrimination and provided for the rights to equality and privacy. This ambivalence, coupled with the lack of a sound policy against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity has led to a systematic denial of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW remained concerned that the Convention had not been incorporated into domestic law and its provisions could not be invoked before the courts. It recommended that Zambia fully incorporate the Convention into domestic law. [Para 8]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    It recommended that Zambia adopt policies and take measures, including temporary special measures, for achieving equality of men and women in the labour market; ensure the full and equal implementation of the Statutory Instruments on Minimum Wages and Conditions of Employment; and work closely with the private sector to create beneficial policies and projects for women in the labour market, including those in the informal sector. [Para 44; CEDAW]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    ... It made recommendations including addressing same sex activity through HIV/AIDS programmes and the recognition of conjugal rights for all married prisoners ... [Para 25]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Belarus

    Belarus
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    As mentioned in the Compilation of the UN information, CEDAW remained concerned at the increasing number of child victims of commercial exploitation, including prostitution, and called on Zambia to implement the legislation on trafficking. Moreover, in the Summary of stakeholders' information, certain NGOs indicated that children are exposed to various form of violence including "defilement", commercial sex exploitation, early marriages, child labour, trafficking, and neglect.

    Aside from the adoption of the 2008 Anti-Human Trafficking Act, what practical measures did Zambian authorities undertake to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, especially women and children?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Ireland

    Ireland
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Human rights defenders
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    There have been reports that women human rights defenders in Zambia have been subjected to stigmatization, discrimination and intimidation. What measures are in place to support women human rights defenders?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Government further strengthened the Gender in Development Division (GIDD) by creating a portfolio for a Cabinet Minister of Gender and Women in Development in 2006 to ensure that there is representation of gender and development issues at the highest level of government. In 2000, the Zambian Government created a Gender in Development Division under Cabinet Office. [Para 12]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... In 2005 an ILO Committee of Experts recommended that Zambia assess whether it was still necessary to prohibit the access of women to certain occupations, such as the restrictions on employing women in underground mines and night work ... [Para 23]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CAT called for the establishment of programmes to prevent and combat violence against women. [Para 13]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    To consider adhering to OP-CEDAW.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Argentina

    Argentina
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Intersex persons' rights
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    As recommended during UPR in 2012, respect the rights and fundamental freedoms of the LGBTI people through the repeal of all norms that criminalize and stigmatize the LGBTI person.
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Germany

    Germany
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    In combating violence against women and girls, Zambia should swiftly and fully implement the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This also includes the full implementation of the “Anti-GBV Act” of 2011 and the allocation of adequate budget resources for an “anti-GBV fund”.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Namibia

    Namibia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take additional steps aimed at addressing the high rate of child marriages including by fully implementing the National Strategy aimed at reducing child marriage by 2021.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify all three CRC optional protocols (OPs-CRC).
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Gender perspective in the UPR process
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    To systematically and continuously integrate a gender perspective in the follow-up process to the review.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 8) In order to further enhance the protection and promotion of the rights of women, Government has continued to support programmes for the advancement of women under the Ministry of Gender and Child Development. The Government of Zambia recognises that unless gender is taken into account in formulating and implementing policies by taking into account the needs of each gender, Government's overall objectives for development are unlikely to be fully achieved. It is, therefore, Government's intention to continue to advance gender mainstreaming into policies and legislation and to support the socio- economic empowerment of all, especially women.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Could you comment on the evolution of the pilot courts that have been established to fast-track the prosecution of gender-based violence cases? Are there plans to expand the program?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CRC recommended that Zambia consider ratifying the OP-CRC-SC, ... the OP-CRC-IC, OP-CEDAW, ... the OP-CRPD, ... . [Para 2]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual harassment
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    The United Nations country team stated that, while perpetrators of sexual harassment in the private and public sectors had been prosecuted, employers in such cases had not been held accountable for failure to protect women employees. [Para 36]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    JS5 stated that marginalized groups – sex workers, men who have sex with men, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals, adolescents and youth – were disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS due to factors such as discrimination, poverty, lack of access to education, health, mental wellbeing and other services that promote the access to health awareness. [Para 62]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Hungary

    Hungary
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take the necessary steps to ensure effective implementation of the Anti-Gender-Based Violence Act.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 75) Zambia is undertaking a number of sensitisation programmes to enable members of the general public be aware of the provisions of the Anti-Gender–Based Violence Act. Further, in line with the provisions of the Act, Zambia has established three shelters for victims of GBV and has secured land for construction of two additional shelters; and One-Stop-Centre for providing comprehensive services of victims of GBV. Furthermore, in accordance with the Anti-Gender-Based Violence Act, victims of GBV have also continued to seek Relief Orders such as Protection Order and Occupation Orders.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 36) RFSU stated that the legislation and policies that were in place to address sexual, domestic and gender-based violence were insufficient... .
    Para 69) JS3 stated that the shelters for victims of gender-based violence as provided for in the Anti-Gender Based Violence Act were yet to be constructed and that the fund for victims was yet to be
    established.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Belarus

    Belarus
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt comprehensive measures to combat trafficking in human beings; organize a visit of the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons as well as of the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography to the country.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 44) … • Reinforcement of capacities for provision of appropriate services to meet the needs of victims of trafficking through a referral network of safe-houses, one-stop centres, and women’s and children’s shelters;
    Para 107) There are no restrictions under Zambian laws towards the acceptance of visitations by United Nations special mandate holders. The Government has never declined a request for visitation by any United Nations special mandate holders.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Review and repeal domestic law which criminalizes sexual orientation.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 119) Among the noted recommendations, there has been no immediate action that Zambia has taken on the following: (a) Decriminalisation of the same-sex relationships; ... .

    UN Compilation:
    Para 15) The United Nations country team stated that the ... Penal Code criminalized men having sex with men and anal sex in general.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 33) RFSU stated that Article 155 of the Penal Code had been widely interpreted as the legal basis for criminalizing same-sex relations while the Constitution prohibited discrimination and provided for the rights to equality and privacy. This ambivalence, coupled with the lack of a sound policy against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity has led to a systematic denial of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons.
    Para 52) JS5 stated that consensual same-sex relations were criminalised and punishable by prison sentences of up to 15 years. SALC stated that there was no rational basis on which to criminalise consensual sexual acts taking place in private ... .