Costa Rica >> Tonga, Recommendation, 43rd Session, May 2023

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State under Review
Decriminalize consensual same-sex relations, criminalize discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, as well as sexual violence, including corrective rape, and take action to end impunity.
Noted. Tonga received 16 recommendations in relation to this area encouraging Tonga to decriminalize same sex relationships. However, Tonga currently retains its position in the first UPR Report which stated that “whilst current laws might criminalize certain consensual sexual conduct, Tonga is a Christian society that believes in tolerance and respect across difference. A respect for difference allows the widest margins of appreciation to lawmakers as well as other stakeholders and encourages robust debate about equality within society."
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