UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 49501 - 49525 of 51654 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Australia

    Australia
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    PIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Become a party to the CRPD.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 114) Although we have not ratified any new human rights treaties since our last Report, we have taken steps to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The United States signed the CRPD in 2009 and transmitted it to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification in 2012. The Administration continues to support ratification of the CRPD with the reservations, understandings, and declarations included in the resolution of advice and consent passed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Sudan

    Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Ratify the core human rights treaties, particularly the CRC, ICESCR, CEDAW and its OP, CRPD with its OP...
    Explanation
    We support the parts of these recommendations asking us to ratify those treaties, identified above, of which the Administration is most committed to pursuing ratification. We cannot support the other portions. Nor can we support "without reservations" in 1.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 114) Although we have not ratified any new human rights treaties since our last Report, we have taken steps to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The United States signed the CRPD in 2009 and transmitted it to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification in 2012. The Administration continues to support ratification of the CRPD with the reservations, understandings, and declarations included in the resolution of advice and consent passed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

    Para 115) We support ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and have designated CEDAW as a priority among multilateral treaties for ratification. The United States signed CEDAW in 1979, and the President transmitted it to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification in 1980. The principles endorsed in CEDAW are consistent with our domestic and foreign policy objectives and are strongly supported in federal and state law.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "The HR Committee observed that the State should take all steps necessary to ensure
    the equality of women before the law and effective protection against discrimination on the
    ground of sex, particularly in employment. [Para 18]"
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Mauritius

    Mauritius
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider ratifying the CEDAW, the ICESCR ...
    Explanation
    We support recommendations urging deliberative actions on treaties or domestic institutions, such as that we "consider" them. We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW ...
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) Among the treaties signed and submitted to the Senate by the President, but not ratified, are: ... and the CEDAW (submitted November 12, 1980). The United States has signed the ICESCR ..., but the President has not transmitted them to the U.S. Senate for its advice and consent.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice noted that in the framework of the universal periodic review of 2010 and 2015, the United States of America committed to ratify the CEDAW but had not yet done so.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Ghana

    Ghana
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Partially Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the CRC, the CRPD, the CEDAW ...
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW, CRPD ...

    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) Among the treaties signed and submitted to the Senate by the President, but not ratified, are: the CRPD (submitted May 17, 2012; … and the CEDAW (submitted November 12, 1980). The United States has signed ... the CRC, but the President has not transmitted them to the U.S. Senate for its advice and consent.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice noted that in the framework of the universal periodic review of 2010 and 2015, the United States of America committed to ratify the CEDAW but had not yet done so. Three Special Rapporteurs noted that the United States was the only State that had not ratified the CRC.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Lebanon

    Lebanon
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the CEDAW.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) Among the treaties signed and submitted to the Senate by the President, but not ratified, are: ... the CEDAW (submitted November 12, 1980).

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice noted that in the framework of the universal periodic review of 2010 and 2015, the United States of America committed to ratify the CEDAW but had not yet done so.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Fiji

    Fiji
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    PIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Partially Accepted
    Contents:
    ... Ratify without any further delay the CRC.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) ...The United States has signed ... the CRC, but the President has not transmitted them to the U.S. Senate for its advice and consent.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) ... Three Special Rapporteurs noted that the United States was the only State that had not ratified the CRC.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Ghana

    Ghana
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    ... Institute measures to ensure women are paid equally as men for the same work.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 68) Wage discrimination based on sex is illegal under the Equal Pay Act of 1963, 29 U.S.C. § 206(d) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. The National Security Strategy of the United States clearly identifies women’s equality and empowerment worldwide as integral to our national security and a priority for the United States. We believe that investing in women’s economic empowerment has a cascading effect for women, men, families, and communities, and is a key component to our national security approach.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 67) The Working Group [on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice] noted that discrimination against women in employment continued. Neither federal nor state equal pay laws required equal pay for work of equal value. The gender wage gap was 21 per cent. African-American, Native American and Hispanic women had the lowest earnings.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 83) JS12 stated that women still faced a significant gender wage gap. JS50 observed that progress to close the gender pay gap was extremely slow and that for women of colour the rate of change was slower.

  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Trinidad & Tobago

    Trinidad & Tobago
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    ACS
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Prioritize the implementation of a plan of action to combat the sale of children and child prostitution.
    Explanation
    We prioritize combating sex trafficking of minors and human trafficking generally, including through the National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction, scheduled for release in 2016, and the Attorney General's annual human trafficking report, which features recommendations for improvement in combating trafficking. The Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act, enacted in May 2015, authorizes the Attorney General to implement and maintain a National Strategy for Combating Human Trafficking.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 42) The U. S. Government is actively engaged in activities to combat human trafficking in all its forms, including sex and labor trafficking through the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. President Trump has signed nine pieces of anti-trafficking legislation into law, including the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2017, the Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2018, the Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act of 2017 and the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act of 2017.
    Para 43) The President honored the 20th Anniversary of the landmark Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) at a White House Summit on Human Trafficking on January 31, 2020. During the Summit, the President signed the Executive Order on Combating Human Trafficking and Online Child Exploitation in the United States Strengthening Federal Responsiveness to Human Trafficking.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 48) … JS18 stated that young girls coerced into sex trafficking were often treated as perpetrators rather than victims and faced unnecessary prison sentences.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... EN recommended amending the Immigration and Nationality Act and all other relevant provisions so that men and women could transfer their nationality to their children on an equal basis. [Para 34]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    In 2011, the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography recommended the ratification of the CRC. The Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation recommended that the United States of America ratify ICESCR and the OP thereto, as well as the other core international human rights treaties it had not ratified to date. In 2013, the CRC recommended that the United States ratify OP-CRC-IC ... CERD also encouraged ratification of ICESCR, CEDAW, CRC, ICRMW and CRPD ... [Para 1]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Thailand

    Thailand
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Redouble its efforts to address sexual violence in correction and detention facilities as well as to address the problem of prison conditions, with a view to preserving the rights and dignity of all those deprived of their liberty.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 44) In 2012, we issued regulations implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual abuse in federal, state, and local confinement facilities. These regulations include greater protections for juvenile offenders in adult facilities; new restrictions on cross-gender observation and searches; minimum staffing ratios in juvenile facilities; expanded medical and mental health care, including reproductive health care, for victims of prison rape; greater protections for LGBT and gender non-conforming inmates; and independent audits of all covered facilities.

    Para 45) States must certify that all facilities under their operational control, including facilities run by private entities on behalf of the state, fully comply with these regulations; if they do not, they lose certain federal funding unless they pledge to devote that funding to compliance. Six states and one U.S. territory have been subjected to a five percent reduction in federal funding after declining to provide an assurance or certification of compliance.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Kenya

    Kenya
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Partially Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the CEDAW, the CRC, the CRPD among other critical international conventions.
    Explanation
    We support the parts of these recommendations asking us to ratify treaties, identified above, of which the Administration is strongly committed to pursuing ratification, and those urging deliberative treaty actions.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Nepal

    Nepal
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider ratification of core international human rights instruments, including the CEDAW and the CRC.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations urging deliberative actions on treaties, such as that we “consider” ratifying them. We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW, CRPD, and ILO Convention 111. We also support recommendations to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification. We understand recommendations urging that we immediately ratify or accelerate ratification of certain treaties as not intended to prejudice appropriate consideration of them in accordance with constitutional procedures.

  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Rwanda

    Rwanda
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the CRC.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations urging deliberative actions on treaties, such as that we “consider” ratifying them. We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW, CRPD, and ILO Convention 111. We also support recommendations to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification. We understand recommendations urging that we immediately ratify or accelerate ratification of certain treaties as not intended to prejudice appropriate consideration of them in accordance with constitutional procedures.

  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Malaysia

    Malaysia
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIC
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health information, education and services for all.
    Explanation
    It is the policy of the U.S. to support women’s and girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights in the U.S., as well as globally. On January 28, 2021, the President issued a “Memorandum on Protecting Women’s Health at Home and Abroad,” which revoked the January 23, 2017 Presidential Memorandum on the “Mexico City Policy,” thereby rescinding the prior policy. As relevant to 304, this Memorandum also directed a review of the Title X family planning program and any other regulations governing the Title X program that impose undue restrictions on the use of federal funds for women’s access to complete medical information.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Montenegro

    Montenegro
    Regional group
    EEG
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Strengthen further the existing non-discriminatory, inclusive and integrated approach to work, to ensure women's equality and the promotion and protection of these rights.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Noting with concern the high rate of teenage pregnancy, the same Working Group recommended making contraception available and accessible at no cost, particularly for teenagers, with a view to combating teenage pregnancy. [Para 60]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Ghana

    Ghana
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify ICESCR.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Abortion
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    36th Session, November 2020
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice recommended ensuring that women could exercise their constitutional right to choose to terminate a pregnancy in the first trimester and that the provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act regarding insured access to contraceptives were universally enforced. It also recommended disallowing conscientious objection by healthcare personnel, providers and insurers to performing procedures to which women were legally entitled and for which there was no easily accessible, affordable and immediate alternative health provider. [Para 59]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Australia

    Australia
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    PIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Become a party to CEDAW.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 115) We support ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and have designated CEDAW as a priority among multilateral treaties for ratification. The United States signed CEDAW in 1979, and the President transmitted it to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification in 1980. The principles endorsed in CEDAW are consistent with our domestic and foreign policy objectives and are strongly supported in federal and state law.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Iran

    Iran
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Accede to ICESCR, the CRC and ILO convention No. 111
    Explanation
    We support the parts of these recommendations asking us to ratify those treaties, identified above, of which the Administration is most committed to pursuing ratification. We cannot support the other portions.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    "JS-10 noted that in state and federal law, the terms “family,” “parent,” and “spouse”
    commonly exclude LGBT families. JS-10 recommended prohibiting discrimination
    against LGBT parents in adoption. [Para 52]"
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Cape Verde

    Cape Verde
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Partially Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify in due course instruments such as the ... CRC and the ICESCR ...
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) ... The United States has signed the ICESCR and the CRC, but the President has not transmitted them to the U.S. Senate for its advice and consent.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) ... Three Special Rapporteurs noted that the United States was the only State that had not ratified the CRC.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    France

    France
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify CEDAW.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) Among the treaties signed and submitted to the Senate by the President, but not ratified, are: ... the CEDAW (submitted November 12, 1980).

    UN Compilation:
    Para 2) The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice noted that in the framework of the universal periodic review of 2010 and 2015, the United States of America committed to ratify the CEDAW but had not yet done so.