UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 43651 - 43675 of 44829 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ROMPELANOR recommended adopting legislation to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and provide for equal marriage. [Para 33]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "The Ombudsman’s Office acknowledged improvements in the area of women’s rights and the provision of public funding to address gender-related issues. It recommended that Venezuela should continue working towards the elimination of cultural patterns and stereotypes that encouraged discrimination and violence against women. [Para 18]"
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Myanmar

    Myanmar
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue efforts to improve women's rights and conduct awareness- raising and training courses for law enforcement officers in order to ensure the human rights of its people.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 106) In terms of comprehensive programmes in this area, two have been designed: the 2009-2013 “Juana Ramirez La Avanzadora” Plan and the 2013-2019 “Mama Rosa” Gender Equality and Equity Plan, each of which takes a different approach in order to achieve equality and equity between women and men. There are also specific plans, such as the National Communal Defenders Plan, which aims to transfer to the People’s Power, in the form of the gender equality and equity committees, preventive action on violence against women and action to engage with and support victims of violence; by 2016 more than 23,000 women had been sworn in as communal defenders.
    Para 107) One measure of protection against gender violence is the new free phone service providing guidance and referrals to State agencies, which by 2016 had assisted 24,133 individuals. In addition, shelter and psychological and social assistance were provided to women and their children at imminent risk. Effective access to legal assistance for women is arranged by the Office for the Protection of Women, which to date has provided 183,124 sessions of legal guidance and support.
    Para 108) Seventy-eight special courts for the protection of women and gender equality have been created, along with 69 offices specializing in the defence of women, staffed by 192 prosecutors nationwide. In 2011 the Directorate for the Defence of Women was created and in 2013 the National Coordination Office for the Protection of Victims, Witnesses and Other Parties to Proceedings was set up to ensure the defence and protection of the rights of all victims and witnesses of criminal offences.
    Para 109) The Venezuelan State has undertaken to sensitize the media on the gender perspective and programme scheduling that is respectful of women’s rights. To that end the National Telecommunications Commission has issued recommendations in response to violations of the provisions of the Act on Social Responsibility in Radio and Television.
    Para 110) Action has been taken to eliminate stereotypical uses of images of women in the media. In one practical measure, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court banned all explicitly or implicitly sexual images, and all announcements encouraging sexual activity and promoting services linked to commercial sexual exploitation, from advertisements published in print media freely accessible to children and adolescents. The Bolivarian System of Communication and Information has promoted women’s participation in all areas of broadcasting and production, and that has resulted in the sending of messages to counteract sexist images; in addition, forms of entertainment have been developed that help women to recognize themselves in their roles and raise awareness in society at large.
    Para 111) As to women’s empowerment and organization, as of 2014 2,033 gender equality and equity committees had been set up in community councils; there were 12,652 neighbourhood mothers’ committees and 841 women’s economic defence committees, 12,000 women had joined the Women for Peace and Life Movement and there were 13,000 communal defenders. The People’s Government Presidential Council for Women, comprising representatives from all 24 states, was also created as a people’s deliberative and advisory body.
    Para 112) Since late 2013, 841 women’s economic defence committees have been created to promote social accountability and ensure access to goods and services at fair prices; and the gender equity and equality councils have been established to mainstream the gender perspective in the public policies of State institutions. Lastly, the National Union of Women (UNAMUJER) has been formed in order to coordinate the various women’s movements and initiatives. To date the platform has more than 1.8 million registered members.
    UN Compilation:
    Para 21) The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women noted the establishment of various institutions to advance women’s rights.
    Stakeholder Submission, JS24:
    Para 30) Reconocemos los esfuerzos de Venezuela para defender los derechos de las mujeres en cumplimiento de las recomendaciones n. 93.20, 94.16, 94.24, 94.25 del primer ciclo del EPU, como la creación de la Oficina Nacional para la Defensa de la Mujer, establecida en 2011. Se observa también que muchos de los programas del gobierno para prevenir y erradicar la pobreza están enfocados en las mujeres, sin embargo no se puede garantizar el seguimiento de estos programas y tampoco de los recursos destinados a estos, por lo que lamentablemente las mujeres con frecuencia no llegan a beneficiarse."
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    • Sexual violence
    • "Adultery"
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The Venezuelan Observatory for Women's Rights recommended reforming the Criminal Code, as CEDAW had urged Venezuela to do in 2006, to scrap provisions that discriminated against women, such as those that exempted rapists from punishment if they married their victim, to establish different sanctions for the crime of adultery and to reduce sanctions for crimes committed against prostitutes. [Para 19]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Philippines

    Philippines
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue efforts towards gender equality and equity
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Dominican Republic

    Dominican Republic
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Strengthen its efforts to eliminate discrimination against women and girls, supported by the bill on human trafficking
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CEDAW was also concerned at the prevalence of trafficking in women and girls, and recommended that the State investigate its extent and root causes … [Para 37]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    C.H.FREYA stated that sexism and stereotypes are prevalent. [Para 30]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Intersex persons' rights
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "UNCT noted the lack of norms or policies protecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersexual persons from rejection, discrimination or violations of their human rights. [Para 23]"
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Intersex persons' rights
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    VeneDiver indicated that LGBTI persons are subjected to psychological abuse in health centres. [Para 90]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Take all the necessary legal and policy measures to prevent children and adolescents, from being subjected to labour exploitation and the worst forms of child labour, such as servitude, slavery, prostitution and trafficking.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 106) In terms of comprehensive programmes in this area, two have been designed: the 2009-2013 “Juana Ramirez La Avanzadora” Plan and the 2013-2019 “Mama Rosa” Gender Equality and Equity Plan, each of which takes a different approach in order to achieve equality and equity between women and men. There are also specific plans, such as the National Communal Defenders Plan, which aims to transfer to the People’s Power, in the form of the gender equality and equity committees, preventive action on violence against women and action to engage with and support victims of violence; by 2016 more than 23,000 women had been sworn in as communal defenders.
    Para 107) One measure of protection against gender violence is the new free phone service providing guidance and referrals to State agencies, which by 2016 had assisted 24,133 individuals. In addition, shelter and psychological and social assistance were provided to women and their children at imminent risk. Effective access to legal assistance for women is arranged by the Office for the Protection of Women, which to date has provided 183,124 sessions of legal guidance and support.
    Para 108) Seventy-eight special courts for the protection of women and gender equality have been created, along with 69 offices specializing in the defence of women, staffed by 192 prosecutors nationwide. In 2011 the Directorate for the Defence of Women was created and in 2013 the National Coordination Office for the Protection of Victims, Witnesses and Other Parties to Proceedings was set up to ensure the defence and protection of the rights of all victims and witnesses of criminal offences.
    Para 109) The Venezuelan State has undertaken to sensitize the media on the gender perspective and programme scheduling that is respectful of women’s rights. To that end the National Telecommunications Commission has issued recommendations in response to violations of the provisions of the Act on Social Responsibility in Radio and Television.
    Para 110) Action has been taken to eliminate stereotypical uses of images of women in the media. In one practical measure, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court banned all explicitly or implicitly sexual images, and all announcements encouraging sexual activity and promoting services linked to commercial sexual exploitation, from advertisements published in print media freely accessible to children and adolescents. The Bolivarian System of Communication and Information has promoted women’s participation in all areas of broadcasting and production, and that has resulted in the sending of messages to counteract sexist images; in addition, forms of entertainment have been developed that help women to recognize themselves in their roles and raise awareness in society at large."
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Give full effect to the Law on the Right of Women to a Life Free of Violence, guaranteeing their effective access to justice
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Timor-Leste

    Timor-Leste
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Give priority to the full implementation of the Act on Women's Rights to a Life Free from Violence and adopt the draft bill on trafficking in persons
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Jamaica

    Jamaica
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    ACS
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt more innovative approaches to teen pregnancies and continued schooling of teen mothers; through the sharing of experiences and best practices with partners
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    It recommended that the State undertake a comprehensive review of legislation with a view to eliminating all discriminatory provisions, and expedite the adoption of the bill on the rights of women to gender equality and equity. [Para 22; CEDAW]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CRC welcomed measures to provide free universal access to antiretroviral treatment, and recommended that the State ... address the shortages of antiretroviral drugs. [Para 78]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Comment
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "Regarding access to justice, 38 special courts for the protection of women and gender equality have been established, as well as 59 special prosecutor’s offices for violence against women. Special technical units have also been established to provide comprehensive care to women, children and teenagers who are victims of violence, and victim care units have been set up in each state. [Para 117]"
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    • Marginalized groups of women
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    OMIAW reported that in some areas trafficking and prostitution of indigenous girls, adolescents and women are controlled by non-State armed groups acting in partnership with Venezuelan soldiers and miners. [Para 42]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Abortion
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The HR Committee expressed concern about the criminalization of all non-therapeutic abortion, particularly in the light of unchallenged reports that many women were undergoing life-threatening illegal abortions. [Para 61; HR Committee]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Czechia

    Czechia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    UNICEF noted that thousands of children were not officially registered at birth. What measures are in place ensuring that all children are registered at birth?
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Pass a law to reform the Civil Registry, as well as anti-discrimination legislation and a law recognizing same-sex couples. [Para 80b; UNCT]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue to work towards reaching the MDGs of universal primary education, gender equality in access to education, and further reduction in infant mortality.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 68) In the 2014/15 school year, coverage across all levels and in all forms of education for ages 3 to 16 was 89.3 per cent; and in primary school it was 93 per cent; there are gender parity indexes at all levels of education.
    Para 70) As of 2015, 2,838,079 individuals, mostly women (58 per cent) and with an average age of 55, had learned to read and write under the Robinson I and II educational programmes.
    Para 74) ... support was provided to 7,947 family members in the form of training in sexual and reproductive health, family education and personal growth."
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The problem of early pregnancy remains a major challenge for the country. Although a series of plans, programmes and measures have been put in place, more initiatives are needed if the problem is to be fully overcome. [Para 125]
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Australia

    Australia
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    PIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Sign and ratify CRPD and its OP
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 35) Venezuela has ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Protocol, depositing the instrument of ratification on 24 September 2013.
    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 98) With regard to the recommendations on persons with disabilities, ACIMIR highlighted the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and the need both to guarantee non-discrimination and accessibility and to bring legislation in line with the Convention. EVV highlighted the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities ..."
  • State Under Review:

    Venezuela

    Venezuela
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Source Of Reference:

    Israel

    Israel
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Adopt measures to ensure that people can change their legally recognized gender without sex-reassignment surgery
    Explanation
    Venezuela takes note of the recommendation.