UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 43626 - 43650 of 43764 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ZHRO recommended outlawing child marriages in the Marriages Act. [Para 42]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe ensure that the bill of rights in the new Constitution under development protected all generations of rights, including the rights of women, children, persons with disabilities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), asylum seekers, refugees and migrants... [Para 3]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider ratifying outstanding major human rights instruments such as the CAT, the CED, the CRPD and the OPs to CEDAW, ICCPR, ICESCR and CRC.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 17) Since the previous review, Government has ratified the following human rights treaties: UNCRPD and its Protocol; Palermo Protocol …

    Para 19f) The Disabled Persons’ Act is being reviewed in order to align it with the Constitution and the UNCRPD.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 2) Zimbabwe supported a recommendation to ratify outstanding human rights instruments and has since ratified … OP-CRC-SC, CRPD and OP-CRPD. Zimbabwe was yet to ratify CAT, ICPPED, OP-CEDAW, ICCPR-OP1, ICCPR-OP2, OP-ICESCR …

    Para 81) ACTSA stated that in 2013, Zimbabwe ratified CRPD. However, the Government has failed to align domestic legislation with the international obligations arising from this Convention."
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Maldives

    Maldives
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue taking legislative action to eliminate the marginalization of women from socio-economic and political spheres and strengthen mechanisms for protection against gender-based violence
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Panama

    Panama
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Train judges and prosecutors on laws related to violence against women and train police forces on the protocols to assist women victims of violence
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Djibouti

    Djibouti
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify the OP-CEDAW
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Belgium

    Belgium
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    What concrete measures is the Government of Zimbabwe taking to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services for women and unmarried adolescents, as recommended by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination of Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child?
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "The human rights enhancement policies and strategies include: HIV and AIDS Policy, National Reproductive Policy, Maternal and Neonatal Roadmap. [Para 39]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe remove barriers and ensure access to birth certification and other civic status documentation, with particular emphasis on the most vulnerable children and stateless persons. [Para 31]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    JS5 stated that sex workers experienced verbal, physical and sexual abuse from law enforcement officials. Many sex workers have been detained and forced to engage in sexual activities with officers to ensure their release. [Para 33]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The CEDAW expressed concern about the prevalence of discriminatory customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring land and other property and accessing credit facilities and community services. While noting that Zimbabwe had allocated a 20 per cent quota for women under the fast-track land reform programme, the Committee expressed concern that rural women’s access to land remained limited compared to that of men. The Committee called upon Zimbabwe to monitor the implementation of the land reform programme to ensure that the quota would be achieved. [Para 21]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted infections
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The CRC expressed concern about the requirement, in law, for parents or guardians to give consent for unmarried adolescents to access reproductive health services, including information on contraception and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. [Para 76]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Angola

    Angola
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Make efforts to reach the quotas established by the Southern African Development Community with regard to the integration of women in all sectors of society.
    Implementation
    "Midterm Report:
    The new Constitution provides for a reserved quota for women in the National Assembly and proportional representation in the Senate. As a result, Zimbabwe has witnessed an increase in representation of women in Parliament as they make up 32% in the National Assembly and 48% of Senate, which constitutes a total 34% of the current Parliament. The Constitution further calls upon government to ensure full gender balance and to take measures to promote the full participation of women in all spheres on the basis of equality with men. This includes equal representation in all institutions, agencies of government, commissions and other elective bodies at all levels.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 23) The Committee commended efforts to apply temporary special measures allowing women to access loans under the small and medium-sized enterprises policy in 2010 …. "
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Syria

    Syria
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue efforts to strengthen gender equality
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt measures to prevent and eliminate all abuses of sexual violence against girls and women, ensuring that perpetrators are effectively held to account, including with full coordination of the Zimbabwe Gender Commission
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Portugal

    Portugal
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify the ICCPR and its protocols
    Explanation
    Noted. Does not enjoy the support of Zimbabwe.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Israel

    Israel
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Transgender persons' rights
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Adopt measures to prevent discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity, both by state officials and non-state actors, and allow the change of gender markers on Government-issued documentation
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "In its effort to achieve gender parity of 50-50 with respect to student enrolment in institutions of higher learning, Government, through the Affirmative Action policy, has achieved enrolment levels of 71.82% and 63.09% for primary and secondary teachers` colleges respectively. Polytechnics, at 44.28% are close to parity whereas universities are nearly at 40% female enrolment. [Para 101]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The CEDAW urged Zimbabwe to give high priority to the process of fully incorporating CEDAW into its domestic legal system. [Para 5]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The CEDAW expressed concern at the continuing vertical and horizontal occupational segregation and the persistent wage gap between women and men. It urged Zimbabwe to adopt legislation guaranteeing equal pay for work of equal value and temporary special measures, such as quotas aimed at achieving de facto equality of opportunity for men and women in the labour market. [Para 61]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Government, in partnership with other stakeholders, launched the African Union campaign to end child marriages on 31 July 2015. This effort was bolstered on 20 January 2016, when the Constitutional Court delivered a landmark ruling which outlawed child marriages and struck out section 22(1) of the Marriage Act [Chapter 5:11], which made exceptions for minors to get married in certain circumstances. Government is now taking measures to amend the law so that it conforms to the Constitutional Court ruling. [Para 89]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Canada

    Canada
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Put in place and adequately fund mechanisms for the collection and analysis of disaggregated data on maternal mortality and morbidity and domestic violence in order to better understand prevailing trends and assess the effectiveness of measures in place
    Implementation
    "Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 37) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to collect and analyse disaggregated data on domestic violence to better understand prevailing trends and to assess the effectiveness of measures that were in place. In this context, information was collated on those victims who had sought assistance from the police"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Democratic Republic of Congo

    Democratic Republic of Congo
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Accelerate its programme to combat HIV/AIDS pandemic that continue to saturate the health system with its high morbidity and mortality rates.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 58) The Public Health Act [Chapter 15:09] provides for the protection of public health, including prevention and suppression of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases …

    Para 62) The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines. Government has removed customs duty on all imported anti-malarial medicines and commodities and permitted local pharmaceutical companies to produce anti-retroviral drugs. Government has a bilateral agreement for doctors and other health professionals with countries such as Cuba to alleviate shortage of doctors in the country.

    Para 63) Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through: making drugs available and accessible; offering patients ARVs free of charge; training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing; establishing sites offering ART services; and mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    Para 126) Despite facing economic challenges, Government remains committed to making funding mechanisms in the social services sector such as BEAM and AMTO viable. It is engaging development partners to continue supporting these mechanisms as well as others such as the Health Development Fund and the Child Protection Fund while it pursues ways of fully funding them from its own resources. For example, Government established the National AIDS Trust Fund, which is funded through the AIDS Levy, to cater for those living with HIV and AIDS (about 1.4 million people are living with HIV and AIDS, of which about 800,000 are receiving treatment). Government plans to introduce a national health insurance scheme to ensure that all persons, especially the vulnerable, can have access to proper health care.

    Midterm report
    The new Constitution makes specific provision for the right to health care. The right includes the right of every person living with a chronic illness to have access to basic healthcare services for the illness and the requirement that no person may be refused emergency medical treatment in any health-care institution.

    More health institutions have been created to ensure that the majority of the population is within a 10 kilometre radius of a health centre. This is the country’s set standard within the Primary Health Care Approach which was adopted when Zimbabwe signed the 2008 Ouagadougou Declaration on Primary Healthcare and Health Systems in Africa. Following this, priority has been placed on revitalising the health care delivery system to ensure an effective and efficient referral system and emergency services. Most primary care facilities are functional as they continue to benefit from both Government and donor resources.

    The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines.

    Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through :
    • making drugs available and accessible;
    • offering patients ARVs free of charge;
    • training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing;
    • establishment of sites offering ART services; and
    • mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 79) The country team stated that while the States signatories to the Abuja Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases had called upon countries to allocate at least 15 per cent of their gross domestic product to the health sector, Zimbabwe only allocated 9.73 per cent in 2016

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 69) JS8 stated that during the 2011 review, Zimbabwe supported recommendations related to the continuation of efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as mortality rate caused by HIV, and development of a financing mechanism to help the underprivileged. Despite support for those recommendations, children continue to experience difficulties in accessing health services.

    Para 70) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to continue efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis with the assistance of development partners. In 2012, the HIV Combination Prevention Strategy relating to prevention interventions was adopted. Anti-Retroviral Therapy services was increased with the drugs being available and accessible free of charge"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    According to ZHRO, another area of concern is the continued discrimination of sexual minorities. ZHRO recommended that non-discrimination provisions in the Constitution be absolute and fully implemented as they relate to sex, race, origin and other grounds with no limitations. [Para 19]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Republic of Korea

    Republic of Korea
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Enforce its established policies and uphold its legislation to prevent instances of marginalization and discrimination against women.
    Implementation
    Midterm Report: Furthermore, the Constitution provides for the establishment of a Gender Commission whose functions will include monitoring issues concerning gender equality with a view to ensuring gender equality as provided in the Constitution and investigating possible violations of rights relating to gender.