UPR Sexual Rights Database

Search & Filters

Select one or more parameters to begin your search. You may also search by keyword at any time.

UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

Show advanced filters
Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 40476 - 40500 of 41470 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Family planning
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    National Target Programmes (NTP) on the prevention of some dangerous communicable diseases and HIV/AIDS, on population and family planning, on clean water and clean rural environment (total budget of over VND 22,000 billions), on food safety (total budget of VND 1,000 billions) and on the prevention and control of narcotic drugs for 2006-2010 will continue to be implemented. [Para 84]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Consider ratifying the OP-ICESCR.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Enact a law to fight against discrimination which guarantees the equality of all citizens, regardless of their sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 20) Viet Nam has made enormous efforts to improve the legal and policy framework on gender equality. Article 26 of the 2013 Constitution stipulates that "gender-based discrimination is strictly prohibited”, which replaces the phrase "all acts of discrimination against women are prohibited" in the 1992 Constitution. This approach is also reflected in various legal documents, especially the 2015 Civil Code and the 2015 Civil Procedure Code. The 2015 Civil Code codifies the rights to gender re-determination (Article 36), the right to gender transformation (Article 37), the right of people whose gender is transformed or re-identified to change their names (Article 28). Relevant agencies are now in the process of consultation for and drafting of the Law on Gender Transformation.

    National Report Annex 1:
    The 2013 Constitution asserts the general principle of non-discrimination. Articles 36, 37 of the 2015 Civil Code and Article 3 of the 2014 Law on Civil Status allow the “right for gender re-registration” and civil status change after gender change of the citizen. Article 130 of the 1999 Criminal Code on the offense of “violating the equal rights of women” has been updated into Article 165 of the 2015 Criminal Code on “violating gender equality rights” which further cover men, homosexuals, bisexuals and other people with different sexual orientations and gender identities. Furthermore, the Law on Gender Transformation is being drafted and is in the process of consultation before submission to the National Assembly for consideration in the future.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 22) JS3 noted positive steps taken on LGBTI persons’ rights, but legal and policy reforms were still needed. iSEE59 and JS1560 noted that the LBGTI community faced low recognition, discrimination, and difficulties in mobilization of resources. HIV stigma and discrimination existed in workplace and media.
    Para 56) A number of stakeholders noted that the Government did not formally recognise same-sex marriages, and same-sex couples were not afforded the legal protections enjoyed by heterosexual married couples,…
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... It recommended that Viet Nam implement the 2011-2015 Action Plan against prostitution ... [Para 44; CRC]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Priority: ... In the coming years, the Government will focus on ... increasing the effectiveness of ... National Program on Reproductive Health and the National Program on HIV/AIDS. [Para 84]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Singapore

    Singapore
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue to improve in the following areas: women's rights...
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 59) In recent years, Viet Nam has made important achievements in promoting women's rights such as establishing and promulgating legal documents on gender equality and indiscrimination in accordance with the 2006 Law on Gender Equality and the CEDAW; mainstreaming gender equality in legal development; promulgating the National Strategy on Gender Equality for the 2011-2020 period and the National Strategy on Gender Equality for the 2011-2015 period with an aim to raise awareness, closing the gender gap and promoting women's role. The National Assembly adopted the amended Labour Law in June 2012, which extends the maternity leave to 6 months from the previously 4 months.

    Para 60) The National Strategy on Gender Equality and Women's Progress is implemented in areas and regions where inequality and chances of inequality run high. The Strategy contributes to the prevention and drive back women trafficking and domestic violence, giving them the chance to learn, improve and meet working requirements. Furthermore, the Government is seeking solutions to legal implementation and international cooperation in order to overcome challenges to gender equality perception, eradicate gender and domestic violence, close the gap between the law and practice (work, income, social standing, etc.) ... Women are accounted for 49% of the workforce. By the end 2011, the percentage of literacy in women is 92%; 80% of young girls in rural areas and ethnic minorities are sent to school at the right age. The percentage of female university students is over 50%; Masters 30.53%; and Doctors 17.1%. Vietnam's efforts to ensure gender equality have been recognized worldwide. According to the United Nations' Gender Inequality Index (GII) in 2012, Viet Nam is ranked at 47/187 countries, compared to 58/136 countries in 2010.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Georgia

    Georgia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue steps towards promoting gender equality and preventing gender-based violence.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Improve efforts to prevent and combat human trafficking, particularly of women and girls at the cross-border areas of the country.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Iran

    Iran
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue its efforts to protect all children from sexual exploitation and trafficking, including through public awareness raising.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    In 2015, the CEDAW encouraged Viet Nam to ratify the OP-CEDAW ... [Para 3]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    [CEDAW] recommended that Viet Nam ensure access by older women and minority women, especially women from the Degar and Khmer Krom communities, to training opportunities, such as vocational training, and financial resources, such as income-generating projects, credit facilities and pension and social benefits schemes. [Para 49]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    JS2 recommended that Viet Nam accede to the OP-CRC-IC … [Para 6]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    JS9 indicated that in 2017 there were 134,000 Vietnamese overseas migrant workers including about 40% female. Most migrant women worked as foreign domestic workers. [Para 193]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Gender perspective in policies, programmes
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Viet Nam is committed to supporting the advancement of women and gender equality, considering this as an important instrument to achieve equality and sustainable development. This is reflected in the Constitution, the Criminal Code, Civil Code, Labour Code, Education Law, Land Law, and Law on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control, Law on Gender Equality, Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and many other legal documents on gender equality. Viet Nam is actively implementing the National Strategy on the Advancement of Women until 2010, in which many targets have been achieved ahead of schedule. Gender has been mainstreamed into many important national documents namely the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy, the 2005-2010 Social and Economic Development Plan and other sectoral development strategies. Viet Nam is now working on the National Strategy on Gender Equality for the 2011-2020 period. [Para 43]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Urged Viet Nam to set the same minimum age of marriage for women and men at 18 years and to take measures to prevent and stop underage marriages. [Para 33; CEDAW]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Ethiopia

    Ethiopia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Work on policies and strategies to enhance awareness on gender issues.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 76) … In 2017, the Government organized the Action month for gender equality and prevention of gender-based violence with over 800 activities held across the country29. Since 2015 Viet Nam has collaborated with UNWOMEN in “HeForShe” campaign. 100% of radio stations and television channels have specified features on gender equality.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Belgium

    Belgium
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Is the Government of Vietnam considering removing its reservations to articles 29(1) of CEDAW ...
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Right to privacy
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    JS6 and iSEE further recommended that Viet Nam ensure the equal right to marriage for all persons, regardless of their sexual orientation. [Para 39]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Hungary

    Hungary
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Revise the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code and criminalise all forms of violence against women, raise public awareness on gender equality and combating discrimination against women and girls, enhance efforts and measures to prevent and combat human trafficking, especially that of women and children.
    Explanation
    This recommendation will be implemented in conformity Viet Nam’s circumstances, including its current legal framework and legal reform plan.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Brunei Darussalam

    Brunei Darussalam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIC
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue to strengthen the efforts to reduce poverty, improve health facilities including access to health services for people, especially vulnerable groups such as women, ...
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Albania

    Albania
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    OIC
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Effectively implement policies for the prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls.
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The number of beneficiaries of monthly social grants and health insurance card issuance has increased steadily (2,506,705 in 2013; 2,540,223 in 2014; 2,643,725 in 2015 and 2,723,036 in 2016), in which there ... 172,844 other individuals, including poor people living with HIV/AIDS ... [Para 60]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW recommended that Viet Nam review the Law on Marriage and Family with a view to setting the same minimum age for marriage for women and men; ... [Para 42]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    CEDAW recommended that Viet Nam adopt legislation and effective procedures for granting asylum and refugee status and provide protection on grounds of gender-based persecution. [Para 88]
  • State Under Review:

    Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    SRD recommended that Vietnamese government continue to facilitate projects on gender equality; empower the Women’s Union; ... [Para 73]