UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 40001 - 40025 of 42036 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    9th session, November 2010
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Provide comprehensive services and legal support for migrant sex workers. [Para 41]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Bulgaria

    Bulgaria
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider ratifying the ICESCR, the CRC and the CEDAW ...
    Explanation
    We support recommendations urging deliberative actions on treaties or domestic institutions, such as that we "consider" them. We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW ...

    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Czechia

    Czechia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify without delay the CRPD and the CEDAW in accordance with its previously expressed commitment.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify CEDAW, CRPD ...

  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Algeria

    Algeria
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the CRC.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Partially Accepted
    Contents:
    Improve the protection of children at national level by ratifying the CRC and its OPs.
    Explanation
    We support recommendations asking us to ratify the CRC, as we support its goals and intend to review how we could move toward its ratification.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Algeria

    Algeria
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take necessary measures to combat discriminatory practices against women and migrant workers in the labour market.
    Explanation
    U.S. federal labor and employment laws generally apply to all workers, regardless of immigration status.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Honduras

    Honduras
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Consider reviewing the eligibility requirements to the public welfare system, so that the basic human rights of immigrants, including the undocumented, are guaranteed, in particular access to health for women and children.
    Explanation
    Undocumented migrants in the U.S. have access to publicly-supported healthcare through Migrant Health Centers. Undocumented unaccompanied children are eligible for health care while in federal government-funded shelters.
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    JS41 recommended repealing laws against prostitution and prostitution-related offenses, and eliminating "zero tolerance" policies ... [Para 43]
  • State Under Review:

    United States

    United States
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    22nd session, May 2015
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    ... The Special Rapporteur on violence against women recommended, inter alia, that the State address the disproportionate impact that violence had on poor, minority and immigrant women; and re-evaluate mechanisms at federal, state, local and tribal levels for protecting victims and punishing offenders. CAT urged the State to eradicate sexual violence in the military. The Special Rapporteur on violence against women made similar recommendations. [Para 30]
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    Type:
    Voluntary Commitment
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    (y) Pursue the establishment of a prison system with an institutional, centralized
    leadership, strengthening the National Rehabilitation Institute. Continue to improve the
    material conditions of detention and of administration of detention, with an emphasis on
    women and foreigners deprived of liberty; [Para 139]
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Outcome Report

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Comment
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    ... Despite positive developments within the framework of the National Plan for Early Childhood, Infancy and Adolescence 2016-2020, the number of cases of violence against children and adolescents, including sexual violence and sexual exploitation in tourism, was on the rise. ... [Para 614]
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Colombia

    Colombia
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Gender perspective in policies, programmes
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consolidate a human rights and gender perspective in the social policies practice aiming at gender equality in practice.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 139. The commitments that that have been achieved and/or are in an advanced stage of implementation, and those that are still in the process of implementation are set out below. … (s) Adopt and start to implement the National Human Rights Education Plan within the next four years; (t) Strengthen the gender perspective within regional integration processes;

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 26) Joint Submission 4 (JS4) said that the mechanisms for incorporating gender and human rights perspectives in judicial decisions were weak and that discriminatory practices devoid of any human rights perspective still persisted.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue strengthening the national plan against the scourge of domestic violence, placing emphasis on prevention and awareness-raising of public opinion.
    Explanation
    A series of measures has been adopted to combat violence against women, which is of prime concern to the Government and for Uruguayan society as a whole. A legal and institutional framework has been developed with a view to safeguarding rights, protecting victims and ensuring that the perpetrators of such crimes are tried and held liable. In 1995, Uruguay included the offence of domestic violence in its Criminal Code and, in 2002, the Domestic Violence Act was passed, facilitating the coordination of efforts in the prevention, early detection and elimination of violence and victim care. The National Domestic Violence Advisory Council was established and a first national plan (2004-2010) drafted, giving rise to a great many initiatives from various sectors aimed at putting an end to the problem. The plan was subject to an independent assessment, the results of which are being used to establish what should be done next.

    Specialized courts have been set up, along with a special unit created within the National Institute for Women. A range of codes of conduct have been designed, such as the police procedure guide and guidelines for the health and education sectors. Several training courses have been conducted, along with a range of campaigns to raise public awareness.

    With regard to protection measures that have been implemented, key initiatives include the establishment of shelters, short-term accommodation and the use of ankle tags, which has made it possible not only to prevent offences but also to punish perpetrators.
    Lastly, the enactment of Act No. 18.850 on redress for the children of persons who die as a result of acts of domestic violence should be highlighted.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 21) In 2017, in the framework of the Action Plan, amendment of articles 311 and 312 of the Criminal Code was approved under Act No. 19.538 to classify femicide as a very particular aggravating circumstance of murder, considering it to be committed “against a woman for reasons of hatred, disdain or contempt for her condition”.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Reinforce policies already in place aimed at preventing and effectively responding to domestic violence against women, including the protection by the State of the displaced surviving victims.
    Explanation
    A series of measures has been adopted to combat violence against women, which is of prime concern to the Government and for Uruguayan society as a whole. A legal and institutional framework has been developed with a view to safeguarding rights, protecting victims and ensuring that the perpetrators of such crimes are tried and held liable. In 1995, Uruguay included the offence of domestic violence in its Criminal Code and, in 2002, the Domestic Violence Act was passed, facilitating the coordination of efforts in the prevention, early detection and elimination of violence and victim care. The National Domestic Violence Advisory Council was established and a first national plan (2004-2010) drafted, giving rise to a great many initiatives from various sectors aimed at putting an end to the problem. The plan was subject to an independent assessment, the results of which are being used to establish what should be done next.

    Specialized courts have been set up, along with a special unit created within the National Institute for Women. A range of codes of conduct have been designed, such as the police procedure guide and guidelines for the health and education sectors. Several training courses have been conducted, along with a range of campaigns to raise public awareness.

    With regard to protection measures that have been implemented, key initiatives include the establishment of shelters, short-term accommodation and the use of ankle tags, which has made it possible not only to prevent offences but also to punish perpetrators.
    Lastly, the enactment of Act No. 18.850 on redress for the children of persons who die as a result of acts of domestic violence should be highlighted.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 14) Although no progress has been made regarding comprehensive reform of the Criminal Code, it has been reformed through legislation that has introduced specific amendments in several areas: … Act No. 19.580 3 of December 2017 on gender-based violence against women includes a set of criminal law articles updating the subject of sex crimes and allows the judicial authority to exempt from the penalty for murder a woman who is a victim of especially serious domestic violence and has killed her partner or former partner; …
    Para 19) In November 2015, the Action Plan for a Life Free of Gender-based Violence, with a Generational Perspective, 2016–2019, was approved under Executive Decree 306/015. The purpose of this Plan is to implement a national public policy for the prevention, reduction and redress of gender-based violence in its various tangible manifestations. It brings with it profound advances, among which can be highlighted a comprehensive vision of gender-based violence and an interdisciplinary and intersectoral approach. It also fully defines the Inter-Institutional Response System, including, at the national level, promotion and prevention, the network of assistance services, access to justice, monitoring and redress of victims, in addition to the resocialization of aggressors, with the commitment of all the member bodies of the Consultative Council to a life free of gender-based violence against women.
    Para 20) Although the Network of Services for a Life Free of Gender-Based Violence has grown in the last three years and has therefore made progress, it is still insufficient. This system is made up of different care mechanisms and covers all women over the age of 18, including older women, who are in Uruguayan territory, including women of African descent, women with disabilities, migrant women, refugees and asylum seekers. Care services have increased from 18 to 31; to the 18 territorial cooperation mechanisms, a new territorial team has been added in Montevideo; care teams for male aggressors have risen from three to 12. The care service for women victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, the short-stay shelter for women whose lives are at risk from domestic violence and the temporary housing alternatives programme in conjunction with the Ministry of Housing, Regional Planning and Environment continue and have been strengthened. During this period, the following were added: one half-way house, one temporary stay centre and one entry portal to 24-hour centres; training for employment and integration in the labour market has also taken place in conjunction with the National Employment and Vocational Training Institute.
    Para 21) In 2017, in the framework of the Action Plan, amendment of articles 311 and 312 of the Criminal Code was approved under Act No. 19.538 to classify femicide as a very particular aggravating circumstance of murder, considering it to be committed “against a woman for reasons of hatred, disdain or contempt for her condition”.
    Para 22) In 2018, Act No. 19.580 on gender-based violence against women was approved. The purpose of this Act is to guarantee to all women the right to a life free of gender-based violence, regardless of age, sexual orientation or gender identity (including trans women), socioeconomic situation, territorial affiliation, beliefs, cultural and ethnic-racial origin, or disability. For this purpose it puts in place mechanisms, measures and integrated policies for prevention, care, protection, punishment and redress.
    Para 23) It recognizes different types of violence: physical, psychological or emotional, sexual (considering sexual violence to include the involvement of children and adolescents in sexual activities with an adult or with any other person who is in an advantageous situation in relation to them, either because of their age, greater physical or mental development, relation of kinship, affection or trust, or position of authority or power, including sexual abuse, sexual exploitation and the use of pornography), based on prejudice against sexual orientation, gender identity or gender, economic, pecuniary, symbolic, obstetric or employment expression, in the field of education, politics, the media, femicide, street sexual harassment, domestic, community, institutional and racial-ethnic harassment.
    Para 24) It contains seven chapters that address the inter-institutional response system and the guidelines for public policy. It also establishes the network of care services, protection, investigation and prosecution processes, and administrative and judicial procedures. It established the Observatory on Gender-Based Violence against Women to monitor, collect, produce, register and permanently systematize data and information on violence against women.
    Para 25) Moreover, the approval of the new Code of Criminal Procedure (Act No. 19.293 of 2014) made the Attorney-General’s Office responsible for the care and protection of victims and witnesses, while with the new legal status of the Public Prosecution Service established under Act 19.334, the Victims and Witnesses Unit was set up in February 2016.
    Para 26) Similarly, the Coordinating Office for policies on victims and witnesses of crime was set up under Decree No. 46/018 of 5 March 2018 to coordinate political actions aimed at the protection and care of victims and witnesses.
    Para 27) The New Code of Criminal Procedure came into force on 1 November 2017 (Act 19.436). Under article 6, which amends Act 19.293, redress agreements are excluded in offences against sexual freedom. In addition, Act 19.549 adds article 382.7 to the Code of Criminal Procedure prohibiting extra-procedural mediation in crimes of sexual violence (articles 272, 273 and 274 of the Criminal Code) and sexual exploitation (Act 17815) and the offence of domestic violence (Article 321bis of the Criminal Code), and with respect to other types of offence that have been committed as a way of exercising gender-based violence.
    Para 28) The Attorney-General has created two specialized prosecution offices in Montevideo for sexual offences, domestic violence and gender-based violence. The new Organic Act on the Attorney-General’s Office (Act No. 19.483 of January 2017) allows general instructions to be issued to ensure that gender-based violence offences are given priority and properly investigated and prosecuted and that victims are well treated.
    Para 29) The Montevideo city council has a national, free, confidential and anonymous telephone service providing guidance and support to women victims of domestic violence. Para 30) Regarding violence against children and adolescents, in the framework of the Action Plan for a life free of gender-based violence with a generational perspective, a support plan has been drawn up with UNICEF containing four strategic areas: care and protection, promotion of rights and prevention, knowledge generation, training and institutional capacity-building.
    Para 31) The Institute for Children and Adolescents has five shelters where women victims of violence are taken in with their children, and measures to protect and strengthen them are being developed. Progress is also being made in extending projects for specialized care of victims of gender-based violence to children and adolescents throughout the country. Para 32) Since 2013, the Ministry of Interior has had a system for identifying the presence and location of people at high risk of domestic violence. It supervises injunctions prohibiting aggressors from approaching victims in domestic violence cases and the fulfilment of alternative measures to preventive detention, and follows up prosecutions that have resulted in imprisonment when the offender is released.
    Para 33) The Ministry of Interior also has an assistance programme for victims and offenders in gender-based violence cases specifically for police personnel, which reports to the National Directorate of Social Affairs and has a protocol for action against domestic violence (Decree 111/2015).

    UN Compilation:
    Para 41) Despite efforts to prevent and combat gender-based violence, including the action plan for a life free from gender-based violence (2016–2019), the Committee against Torture and the CEDAW were concerned that gender-based violence, particularly domestic violence, was still prevalent. CEDAW expressed concern about the rise of femicide, the lack of legal recognition of certain forms of violence against women, the low number of prosecutions and convictions and the referral of those cases to mediation procedures. The United Nations country team was still of the view that there was a lack of training on victim protection. The High Commissioner for Human Rights stated that the persistently high rates of gender-based killings of women was troubling, as was the difficulty many women victims of violence faced in accessing justice.
    Para 42) The United Nations country team also noted that Act No. 19538, which introduced the crime of femicide in articles 311 and 312 of the Criminal Code, and Act No. 19580, on gender-based violence against women, had been put into effect in 2017.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 6) INDDHH reported the approval of the Comprehensive Act to Guarantee Women a Life Free of Gender-based Violence (2017), but drew attention to the difficulties encountered in its application and the concern regarding the resources that would be provided to its central bodies. The constant manifestations of gender violence underline the need for greater efforts to implement the full scope of the law.
    Para 48) JS4 said that Uruguay still had high numbers of women killed by their companions or former companions. JS5 reported that between 1 January and 30 June 2018 the Public Security System (Ministry of the Interior) recorded 20.053 complaints of domestic violence and related offences, and that of the 26 femicides recorded between 1 January and November 2917, over 90 per cent were committed in the home.
    Para 49) AI was concerned about the lack of measures to prevent and combat gender-based violence. It stated that the persistent prejudices in judicial sentencing and the lack of follow up of victim reports by the police constituted an obstacle to the fight against all forms of gender-based violence.
    Para 50) IACHR-OAS welcomed the approval of the Act qualifying femicide. JS5 said that, although the promulgation of Act No. 19.580 on violence against women based on gender marked significant progress, disagreements had arisen regarding its content and difficulties with its implementation. JS4 said that the legal advance was not backed by sufficient budgets, human resources or training, especially with regard to access to justice; and that the Act would not have a positive impact if the necessary resources were not made available to justice, health and education operators. It noted as areas of particular concern the training of State officials, especially in the health, justice and education sectors; the implementation of steps to modify discriminatory cultural standards; and resources for giving effect to the Act.154 AI shared those concerns, including as regards the poor victim support services.
    Para 52) JS5 said that the recommendation to establish mechanisms charged with supervising the application of the protocols of governmental organizations had not been implemented, which affected the protection of women and perpetuated bad practices.
    Para 53) JS5 considered that the recommendations concerning measures of protection for the victims of domestic violence had been only partially implemented since those that had been developed had proved inadequate.
    Para 54) Cieenpre Juntos drew attention to the shortage of shelters for victims of domestic and gender violence, as well as that of psychological and medical treatment.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Armenia

    Armenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue promoting the right of women, especially rural women and guarantee their equality in employment opportunities.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 16) Changes have been made in the central policies of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries, including gender mainstreaming in its policies. To this end, studies and research on rural development and public policies were carried out in order to generate informed guidelines on how to incorporate the gender perspective in policies on family farming. In this regard, they were amended through weighting and quotas to promote the inclusion of women, and changes were made in the Family Production Registry to include women as co-owners with the same right to submit projects.
    Para 37) Through Protected Youth Work, the Youth Employment Act encourages the hiring of women through a differential subsidy granted to companies that employ women for periods ranging from 12 to 18 months. It promotes the elimination of any form of violence at work through information, awareness and training activities on prevention and punishment of sexual harassment at work for Youth Employment Act officials. Similarly, it works in companies to raise awareness about harassment and provide training on the law.
    Para 38) The Ministry of Employment and Social Security provides training on collective bargaining with a gender perspective and good practices of shared responsibility for negotiators from the private, public and governmental sectors. It draws on good practices from previous experiences through the Tripartite Commission for Equal Treatment and Opportunities in Employment.
    Para 40) The Quality with Gender Equity Model works as a tool for organizational change towards gender equality. It is framed as a public policy for gender equality in the workplace and was carried out by the National Women’s Institute from 2008. It was evaluated and a new 2016 version incorporates the racial-ethnic dimension of African descent at all levels of implementation.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 27) A number of treaty bodies were concerned about high unemployment among … women …
    Para 28) Several treaty bodies were concerned about the gender wage gap; the higher unemployment and self-employment rates among women, especially women of African descent; the disproportionate number of women employed in the informal economy; the obstacles faced by women in gaining access to career opportunities on an equal footing with men; and the overrepresentation of women of African descent in domestic work and discrimination against them. Despite efforts to regulate the rights of domestic workers, there were cases in which migrant women in the domestic sector were subjected to abusive employment conditions. Those in irregular situations were most at risk of exploitation and lacked protection.
    Para 40) While welcoming measures to promote gender equality, two treaty bodies were concerned about the deeply rooted gender stereotypes in society, manifested in acts of discrimination and violence against women. There were also discriminatory provisions against women, particularly in the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure.

  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Ukraine

    Ukraine
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ensure women's adequate representation in high-level policy and decision- making institutions.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 56) With regard to the participation of women in decision-making and public policy development, Act No. 18,476, which declares "the equitable participation of persons of both sexes in the legislative branch, municipal government, departmental councils, elected autonomous local boards and Electoral Boards, and as officials in political parties" to be in the public interest, was adopted in 2009. As a pilot project, the requirement to include persons of both sexes in each list of candidates will apply only to the next national and departmental elections (2014-2015). In the 2009 legislative elections, 14.6 per cent of seats were won by women, a relative improvement even though the figure is low for the country.

    UN Compilation:
    UN-Uruguay said that Uruguay had taken a partial step forward by adopting Act No. 18.476, which establishes, for the first and only time, the obligation to include persons of both sexes in each shortlist of three candidates put forward for a particular election cycle (2014-2015)
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS1 recommended that mechanisms and procedures be introduced to provide access to the courts for members of the LGBTI community and for other groups that are the victims of violence and that investigations into and the punishment of such acts be guaranteed together with the conviction of those responsible and fair redress for the victims. [Para 21]
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    The 2013 legalization of same-sex marriage constitutes an important progress in ensuring the rights of LGBTIs. What further steps Uruguay is planning on taking to fight discrimination of LGBTIs in employment and society at large?
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Voluntary Commitment
    Session:
    18th session, February 2014
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Continue to strengthen the system of response to gender-based violence so as to help eradicate it, by: Developing an inter-institutional training strategy in that area.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Ukraine

    Ukraine
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    5th session, May 2009
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue to combat discrimination and violence against women.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 48) ... The minimum age for marriage for both sexes is 16 and couples are allowed to choose, by mutual agreement, the order of their children's surnames, and divorce may be granted at the request of either spouse.

    Para 53) Pursuant to Act No. 18,065 on domestic work, which confers equal rights with other paid workers, the working conditions of women domestic workers have improved. More than 9,000 ex officio inspections were carried out in 2011, along with dissemination and awareness-raising of the new regulations, and their sector was incorporated into tripartite collective bargaining arrangements.

    Para 57) The National Gender Council is drafting a preliminary bill to amend Act No. 18,104 of 2007: "Promoting equal rights and opportunities for men and women in the Eastern Republic of Uruguay", which incorporates the observations on Uruguay made by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.

    Para 60) Regarding support for victims of domestic violence, in 2012, the Security Cabinet presented the document "Strategy for life and living together. Steps to free the country from domestic violence", prepared by the National Consultative Council on Domestic Violence.

    Para 61) As part of the effort to strengthen the police response to domestic violence, the third edition of the Guide to Police Procedure was finalized in July 2011, setting out the steps that must be taken by the police in a case of domestic violence: police attitude; police action; risk assessment; special circumstances surrounding domestic violence complaints; communication and coordination with the relevant judicial bodies; preventive action; and monitoring and follow-up of the precautionary measures; and also dealing with Special Domestic Violence Units, awareness-raising and training of police personnel by the different Police Training Centres, and the recording of information. There are currently 33 Special Domestic Violence Units, staffed by 380 officials.

    Para 64) Act No. 18,850 establishes reparation for victims of violence and a non-contributory pension and a special family allowance for the children of victims of domestic violence. The beneficiaries must meet some requirements related to age, marital status and availability of adequate resources of their own. The Social Insurance Bank is responsible for administering these benefits.

    Para 65) To facilitate access to justice for victims, while preventing stigmatization or revictimization, four special domestic violence courts were established (Act No. 17,514) in the department of Montevideo and provision was made for duty courts for emergency situations throughout the country, thereby strengthening the justice system.

    Para 67) The National Institute for Women has established public services for women victims of gender-based domestic violence, providing psychological and social support and legal assistance, and representation at trial. There are now 16 offices for women victims of gender-based domestic violence. In 2012, a short-stay shelter was established, providing accommodation, protection and guidance for single women or women with children who are victims of domestic violence and whose lives are at risk.

    Para 68) Housing solutions have also been devised for emergency and temporary situations. In January 2009, an agreement was concluded between the Ministry of Housing, Land Management and the Environment and the Ministry of Social Development to implement the nationwide project "Temporary housing alternatives for women emerging from situations of domestic violence". Moreover, forums were established to provide local and departmental governments with advice and guidance on housing solutions for women victims of domestic violence.

    Para 69) The project "Uruguay, united in putting an end to violence against women, children and adolescents" for the period 2012-2014, was submitted to the United Nations Trust Fund in Support of Actions to Eliminate Violence against Women ...

    Para 70) Since 2009, proposals have been submitted to amend the provisions of the Civil Code relating to the marriage of widows and divorced women, but none has been successful thus far.

    Para 71) Act 17,938 repeals the extinction of an offence of rape, indecent assault, statutory rape or abduction where the perpetrator marries the victim.

    Para 72) Both Chambers of the National Parliament are still considering various bills that cover the points contained in the recommendations received (essentially the bills on the Civil Code, the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure).
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Bahrain

    Bahrain
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Intensify measures to combat trafficking in persons, paying particular attention to women and children.
    Explanation
    En implementación. .. Se destaca la creación del Consejo Nacional de Prevención y Combate a la Trata y la Explotación de Personas, ente rector y articulador de las Políticas sobre Trata de Personas, así como el Sistema Interinstitucional de Respuesta para Situaciones de Trata y Explotación de Personas.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Mexico

    Mexico
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Abortion
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Promote training tools in health and education sectors on sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and girls, such as prevention of early and teenage pregnancy, contraceptive methods, abortion, sexual diversity and prevention of gender-based violence.
    Explanation
    En implementación.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Liechtenstein

    Liechtenstein
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Abolish the provisions in the Criminal Code that incorporate the patriarchal concepts of “honest behaviour”, “virtue” and “public scandal” as elements of the criminal offences that affect women.
    Explanation
    En implementación.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Djibouti

    Djibouti
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Pursue and accelerate the policy to eliminate inequalities between men and women by taking necessary measures aimed at increasing the participation of women in political and public life in accordance with the National Gender Equality Strategy 2030.
    Explanation
    En implementación.
  • State Under Review:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Source Of Reference:

    Bolivia

    Bolivia
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Gender perspective in policies, programmes
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    32nd Session, January 2019
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue implementing demographic studies and research on rural development and public policies with a view to establishing guidelines for incorporation of a gender based perspective in policies for Family Agriculture.
    Explanation
    En implementación.