UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 40001 - 40025 of 40336 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    UNICEF stated that incidences of child marriage were high. Whilst the Marriage Act had established the legal age for marriage at 21 years of age, it left provision for marriage below this age with consent of an adult. Customary Law, under which most marriages took place, allowed for a child to be married at puberty. [Para 39]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    JS3 recommended that Zambia expedite the revision of the "Intestate Act" to address discrepancies that disadvantage beneficiaries of estates in the event that a male spouse dies leaving no will. [Para 8]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Abortion
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CRR stated that unsafe abortion was one of the most easily preventable causes of maternal death and disability. Lack of clarity and knowledge of the law coupled with procedural barriers impeded access to safe and legal abortion. CRR made recommendations including that Zambia ensure that women and health care providers were aware of this law. [Para 61]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Algeria

    Algeria
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    To strengthen its efforts on gender issues.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 8) The Government of Zambia recognises that unless gender is taken into account in formulating and implementing policies by taking into account the needs of each gender, Government's overall objectives for development are unlikely to be fully achieved. It is, therefore, Government's intention to continue to advance gender mainstreaming into policies and legislation and to support the socio-economic empowerment of all, especially women.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Government further strengthened the Gender in Development Division (GIDD) by creating a portfolio for a Cabinet Minister of Gender and Women in Development in 2006 to ensure that there is representation of gender and development issues at the highest level of government. In 2000, the Zambian Government created a Gender in Development Division under Cabinet Office. [Para 12]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... In 2005 an ILO Committee of Experts recommended that Zambia assess whether it was still necessary to prohibit the access of women to certain occupations, such as the restrictions on employing women in underground mines and night work ... [Para 23]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Argentina

    Argentina
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Intersex persons' rights
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    As recommended during UPR in 2012, respect the rights and fundamental freedoms of the LGBTI people through the repeal of all norms that criminalize and stigmatize the LGBTI person.
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Germany

    Germany
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    In combating violence against women and girls, Zambia should swiftly and fully implement the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This also includes the full implementation of the “Anti-GBV Act” of 2011 and the allocation of adequate budget resources for an “anti-GBV fund”.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Namibia

    Namibia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take additional steps aimed at addressing the high rate of child marriages including by fully implementing the National Strategy aimed at reducing child marriage by 2021.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify all three CRC optional protocols (OPs-CRC).
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Could you comment on the evolution of the pilot courts that have been established to fast-track the prosecution of gender-based violence cases? Are there plans to expand the program?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    To consider adhering to OP-CEDAW.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CRC recommended that Zambia consider ratifying the OP-CRC-SC, ... the OP-CRC-IC, OP-CEDAW, ... the OP-CRPD, ... . [Para 2]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual harassment
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    The United Nations country team stated that, while perpetrators of sexual harassment in the private and public sectors had been prosecuted, employers in such cases had not been held accountable for failure to protect women employees. [Para 36]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    JS5 stated that marginalized groups – sex workers, men who have sex with men, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals, adolescents and youth – were disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS due to factors such as discrimination, poverty, lack of access to education, health, mental wellbeing and other services that promote the access to health awareness. [Para 62]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Gender perspective in the UPR process
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    To systematically and continuously integrate a gender perspective in the follow-up process to the review.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 8) In order to further enhance the protection and promotion of the rights of women, Government has continued to support programmes for the advancement of women under the Ministry of Gender and Child Development. The Government of Zambia recognises that unless gender is taken into account in formulating and implementing policies by taking into account the needs of each gender, Government's overall objectives for development are unlikely to be fully achieved. It is, therefore, Government's intention to continue to advance gender mainstreaming into policies and legislation and to support the socio- economic empowerment of all, especially women.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Thailand

    Thailand
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue strengthening measures to address and lessen the HIV/AIDS impact on women and children, in particular the mother-to-child- transmission.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Eliminate criminalization of homosexual relations as well as the elimination of all discriminatory practice towards LGBT persons.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 119) Among the noted recommendations, there has been no immediate action that Zambia has taken on the following: (a) Decriminalisation of the same-sex relationships; ... .

    UN Compilation:
    Para 15) The United Nations country team stated that the ... Penal Code criminalized men having sex with men and anal sex in general.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 33) RFSU stated that Article 155 of the Penal Code had been widely interpreted as the legal basis for criminalizing same-sex relations while the Constitution prohibited discrimination and provided for the rights to equality and privacy. This ambivalence, coupled with the lack of a sound policy against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity has led to a systematic denial of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons.
    Para 52) JS5 stated that consensual same-sex relations were criminalised and punishable by prison sentences of up to 15 years. SALC stated that there was no rational basis on which to criminalise consensual sexual acts taking place in private ... .
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The Government of Zambia has put in place a National Action Plan on Gender based Violence. Additionally in May 2012, the Government launched the National Guidelines for the Multi-discipline Management of Survivors of Gender based Violence. The objective of these guidelines is to ensure that police, health, legal, judiciary and social welfare personnel work together in responding to and tracking all cases of Gender Based Violence. [Para 23]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Marital rape
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Domestic violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    13th session, June 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW urged Zambia to ensure resources for the implementation of Anti-Gender- Based Violence Act; adopt measures to address such violence; expeditiously criminalize marital rape; and strengthen training for the judiciary and law enforcement personnel and health-service providers. [Para 25]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS1 recommended the signing and ratification OP-ICESCR. [Para 1]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    It noted some restrictions to form trade unions and to register, as it was reported by an association which fights against discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. It asked for clarification.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS6 made recommendations including that Zambia increase its national budgetary expenditure for health from eleven to fifteen per cent, four per cent of which to be allocated to maternal health and five per cent to be allocated to new born and child care ... [Para 51]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Netherlands

    Netherlands
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Sexual abuse
    • Sex work / "prostitution"
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Noted concerns by CRC on the number of children living and working on the street, particularly their exposure to physical and sexual abuse, prostitution and HIV/AIDS and recommended that a strategy be developed for the prevention and assistance to children living and working on the street in order to protect and guarantee their rights, involving community-based associations and other civil society organizations.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 30) ... To this end, the Government has implemented measures to ensure a gradual reduction in the levels of poverty and the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate. Government has put in place decisive and systematic measures aimed at implementing policies and programmes through the Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health and the Ministry of Health, among others.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    In 2002, the CEDAW and, in 2003, the CRC recommended that Zambia ratify OP-CEDAW ... [Para 1]